The name in Hebrew was 'olleh', meaning ascending as smoke, given
because this sacrifice was to be wholly consumed and to rise in smoke toward
heaven. There is also the poetic term 'kalil', complete (Deut 33:10, 1 Sam.7:9,
Psa 51:19) or the Greek 'Holokautoma' (Mark 12:33, Heb.10:6) alluding to the
fact that, with the exception of the skin or feathers, it was wholly and
entirely consumed. The victims in other sacrifices were only partially consumed
upon the altar.
The description of the burnt offering is found in Leviticus 1:1-17 and we shall look at the various verses to understand the purpose of the offering. verses 3, 10, 14. 'from the herd', 'from the flock', 'of birds'. The offering was according to possession, which it was thought denoted a man's standing in society and before God. If the social standing of the offerer was such that he owned a herd then he should offer a bullock. A lamb was not acceptable to God from him. If, however, the offerer did not own a herd but did have a flock, then his offering must be a sheep or a goat. If neither a herd or a flock were owned, then the offering should be a bird (turtledoves or pigeons). This offering was made by Mary, the mother of Jesus, at the time of her purification, which indicates that Jesus was born of parents who were poor and of low social standing.
These verses also show that the offering from the herd and the flock had to be male and without defect but the offering of birds in verse 14 placed no such conditions thereby allowing the poor to bring their offering. The lesson here is that God expects each man to give to Him according to his means, in acknowledgement that it is God who has prospered him. He will not accept inferior offerings. Genesis 4:4 -5 says that "Abel brought fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD looked with favour on Abel and his offering, but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favour." Yet God does not expect from His people gifts, service, or anything that they do not possess. Our responsibilities are measured according to our privileges, not more than we have, not less than we have, always the best of what we have, without defect.
Man today more often gives God the things he does not want, what he no longer needs. The worn out or unfashionable clothes given to the charity shop. The unwanted furniture and the threadbare carpet sent round to the church. We set out to make our fortune, or gain that which the world offers, and only then give the remaining years to the Lords service. No one is suggesting that God won't or can't use those years, But God asks for the firstfruits not the leavings, for that which is of costs to us, not for that which is paltry (Malachi 1:7-8). Verse 3 also tells us that the offerer brought his sacrifice to the entrance to the court to present it, an individual as a special act of worship. The burnt offering was given for the whole of Israel regularly every morning and evening (Exodus.29:38-42). Each Sabbath, double that of the daily offering (Num.28:9). At the new moon, the three great festivals, the day of atonement and the feast of trumpets. Special Burnt offerings were made for the consecration of priests (Exodus,29:15), at the purification of women (Lev.12:6), at the cleansing of lepers (Lev.14:19), the removal of other ceremonial uncleanness (Lev.15:15), and on the accidental breach of the Nazarite vow, or its conclusion (Num.6:11). While the freewill burnt offering was given on any solemn occasion e.g. the dedication of the tabernacle (Num. chapter 7) and of the Temple (1 Kings 8:64).
Verse 4 tells us that the offerer laid his hands upon the sacrifice as a means of identification with the animal. The animals acceptance meant the acceptability of the offerer, it was an act of worship, the offerer presented himself before Jehovah as a worshipper, desirous of being accepted. The words 'to make atonement for him' according to B.W. Newton mean literally 'to place a covering over him' causing him to be acceptable.
Verse 5 says that the offerer had to kill the sacrifice, no one did it for him, he did it himself. Our identification with the animal and its death is like a laying down our lives, complete submission of our will to Gods that we may worship him. The priests would sprinkle the blood of the sacrifice against the sides or at the base of the altar. The sprinkling of Blood was like pouring out of life as it was believed that the life is in the blood. Verse 6 has the offerer skinning and cutting it into pieces. The skin being the only part of the animal that wasn't burnt, the skin being a memorial of the death of the sacrifice. The skin provided him with a covering, a robe of righteousness, reminding us that God had to kill an animal to clothe Adam and Eve with it's skin covering their embarrassment. The skin was kept by the priests as their portion, the offer left not with the physical covering but with the spiritual covering and the sense that God had provided everything. We see Christ's sacrifice as clothing us with righteousness and that he takes away our embarrassment as we enter God's presence to worship him.
In verses 7-9 the priests prepared the altar and placed on it the head and the fat. The offerer washes the inner parts and the legs with water before the pieces were placed on the altar by the priests so that it was all burnt. The inspection meant there was no outward blemish the washing showed there was no inward blemish. Christ was scrutinised both outwardly and inwardly by man and God respectively. Man could find no fault in him and God could see no fault in him. The different parts described in these verses represent and indicate the fullness or completeness of the sacrifice:
The Head - represents the mind and the intellect
The Inwards - represents the will and emotions
The Legs - indicate walk which represent conduct and lifestyle
The Fat - represents health and virility.
It says the offering was by fire, remember the animal was provided by
God, for it was given in proportion to His provision, but the fire was also
from God being originally kindled by Him. It was an aroma pleasing to the Lord.
The symbolism or typology of the ceremony sets forth Christ offering himself
without defect to God in performing the divine will with Joy, even to the point
of death. In the offering the note of penalty is not conspicuous (Heb.9:11-14,
10:5-7). The offering is a sweet savour, so called because they deal with
Christ in His own perfection and in His perfect devotion to the Father's will.
They are in contrast to the non-sweet savour offerings which typify Christ as
carrying the sinner's transgressions. The whole burnt offering is both atoning
and substitutionary, Christ dies in the believers stead. The acceptableness or
merit of the offering passed to the believer, and he is accepted by God in the
place of and because of the blemishless offering.
Thoughts for Simple Sermons:
1/ God expects us to give out of the bounty that he gives to us, in proportion to that which he has given. God does not expect the left overs, the worn out or the discarded.
a) Let us consider the time we give to God in private prayer or worship.
b) Let us think about the time we give to serving the church.
c) Let us review the time we give in cherishing and loving our spouses and family. God, his family and our family deserve the best, let us commit ourselves to giving that quality time.
2/ God provided the animal and the fire, He gave Moses the pattern to be followed in the construction of the tabernacle. All this to have communion with the Israelites. God loves us so much he provided everything we need as well to have a relationship with him. He sent Jesus who became our sacrifice.
3/ The whole offering was given by the offerer and God wants no less of us. Paul says to the Romans in verse 12:1 "Therefore, I urge you, brothers, in view of God's mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God--this is your spiritual act of worship." God wants all of us, wholly given over to him and just as the offering was washed, God wants us to wash at the laver of his word our minds, intellects, will and emotions, our conduct and lifestyle.